Biological Psychiatry Congress
Dr Sahba Besharati attended the Biological Psychiatry Congress in Cape Town, which also fell part of the Southern African Neuroscience Society (SANS) annual symposium. She presented her collaborative research with KatLab and NPSY.Vr on rehabilitation interventions for patients with disorders of the bodily self. Sahba was awarded the SANS best oral presentation prize and looks forward to the next SANS symposium to be held in Johannesburg in 2020.
Southern African Neuroscience Society (SANS) Symposium
Public Talk Resounding Success
Professor Barbara Wilson, renowned expert on neuropsychological rehabilitation, from the Oliver Zangwell Centre in Cambridge UK, delivered an inspiring lecture on disorders of consciousness at Nelson Mandela Children’s Hospital. The talk was hosted by the Health Communications Research Unit (HCRU) and Wits NeuRL. It was attended by over 40 students, academics and clinicians from various disciplines. The talked ended with a lively discussion around the difficulties and creative approaches to assessment and rehabilitation of brain damaged patients.
Prof Barbara Wilson at Nelson Mandela Children's Hospital
Wits 10th Cross Faculty Postgraduate Symposium
The postgraduate symposium provides Wits postgraduate students from the five University faculties an opportunity to showcase their research. Candice Ramsammy presented a poster on her Master’s research on the relationship between social-cognitive development and stimulation in the home environment in pre-school children. Candice’s presentation was well received by both staff and students and was awarded 3rd price in the Humanities Poster category. PhD candidate, Michelle Lea, also presented her doctoral research at the postgraduate symposium using a video animation. The animation provides a creative summary of her research on Disruptive Mood Dysregulation Disorder (DMDD).
Research Internship at KatLab
Research Intern from Denison University (US), Gabriella Nutter, visited University College London's KatLab. Working closely with our collaborator, Gabriella participated as a research assistant for the lab. Her duties included confederate roles during studies, data entry and hands-on work with current research out of KatLab. This opportunity offered up an amazing experience for Gabriella, giving her direct experience in an experimental neuroscience lab. A huge thank you must be extended to the KatLab team for there hospitality and continued collaboration. We hope to continue to encourage opportunities like this.
Lab Members visit Harvard
Kate and Aline attended an fMRI visiting fellowship at the Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical Imaging, Harvard University, Boston in March. The course was lead by Dr Robert Savoy of the Athinoula A. Martinos Center for Biomedical. They learnt about experimental design of imaging studies using a range of different methodologies including resting state fMRI connectivity, advanced MRI, and DTI Tractography. The course covered issues when scanning children and adolescents, fMRI programming and the ethics of imaging studies. This knowledge is intended to be used for developing a fMRI-based study exploring the effectiveness of working memory training in HIV positive adolescents.
Functional MRI Visiting Fellowship
8 Listed in 200 Young South Africans
Every year the Mail & Guardian profiles interesting young people who have stood out from the pack and who show us what to look forward to in the country’s future. These under-35s are talented and have shown themselves to be leaders. They are the ones to watch. This flagship is not just about what the Mail & Guardian thinks, but is about who the public views as the best and brightest young people. At the beginning of the year, nominations are open to the public. Choosing the finalists is a rigorous process, and each of the people on the list is an exceptionally strong representative of their fields of interest or expertise. Selection also draws on the knowledge of experts, from within the Mail & Guardian and without, to help find those that truly stand out in their field.Eight postgraduate students, researchers and staff of the CoE-HUMAN were listed among the 200 Young South Africans 2018. Dr Sahba Besharati was among the eight, mentioned in the Science & Technology category.
Wits Cortex Club, SANS & NeuRL Lecture
The Social Modulation of Pain
Pain, especially chronic pain, is a major public health problem. Developing effective, low cost approaches to pain management is thus a critical task for researchers. A promising approach is the provision of social support. Social connections are critical for our well-being, and biopsychosocial models of pain highlight the importance of a supportive social context. Yet, research in Psychology and Neuroscience has traditionally focused on understanding the role of cognitive and emotional factors rather than the influence of social factors on the experience of pain. Thus, the pain-modulatory role of social support remains incompletely understood. This talk will present experimental neuroscientific research on how social support affects the experience of pain and the way the brain processes pain.
Delivered by Dr Charlotte Krahé,
University of Liverpool
HCRU & Wits NeuRL Lecture
This presentation describes a number of studies looking at the assessment and treatment of people with Disorders of Consciousness (DOC). A new version of a measure to assess patients with DOC is describes. The effects of posture on awareness is then considered. The third study looks at the effect of modafinil, an agent that maintains wakefulness and promotes attention and concentration, on levels of consciousness. The fourth study compares the delayed recovery of two groups of patients, those with a traumatic brain injury (TBI) and those with hypoxic brain damage. Not surprisingly, those who showed delayed recovery of consciousness were far more likely to have sustained a TBI that hypoxic brain damage. The paper concludes with a case study of a man who had DOC for 19 months, before regaining consciousness and proceeding to regain skills so that he is now leading a reasonably normal life.
Assessment and Management of People with a Disorcer of Consciousness
Delivered by Professor Barbara A. Wilson
"Rethinking" The Brain and its Evolutions
The talk took place in the Origins Centre, University of the Witwatersrand. In this talk, Kate gave an introduction to the concept of working memory and traced its developmental trajectory across the lifespan highlighting its developmental across the school years into adulthood. Interesting features of human working memory were discussed such as, the bilingual advantage, its relationship to cognitive reserve and whether working memory can be trained. Also discussed was the influence of technology on working memory. The talk concluded with Kate's current research investigating the rehabilitation of working memory in children and adolescents with HIV.
Human Working Memory Across The Lifespan
Dr. Sahba Besharati presents in Verona
The Social Brain Through The Life Course
Sahba visited the beautiful Verona to meet with long-time collaborator, Prof. Valentina Moro. Valentina is an expert in neuropsychological rehabilitation and experimental neuroscience. Together they explored potential collaborative opportunites between Italy and South Africa. Sahba delivered a public lecture on a series of studies investigating social emotional processes in disorders of self-consciousness and new emerging research on self-awareess in childhood and infancy.
Building EEG Capasity
Dr Charlotte Krahe, from the University of Liverpool recently visited Wits NeuRL to facilitate an electroencephalography (EEG) and evoked response potentials (ERPs) capacity building workshop. The two-day workshop was held at the Johannesburg Institute for Advance Study (JIAS) and attended by 20 carefully selected participants from across various disciplines, such as Psychology, Anatomy, Physiology and Epidemiology. A visiting scholar, Dr Iman Ghodrati Toostani, from the University of San Paulo also attended the workshop and delivered a talk on: Cognitive impartment detection and rehabilitation using non-invasive brain stimulation methods. Hosted in collaboration with the Wits Cortex Club and the Southern African Neuroscience Society (SANS), the workshop concluded with a public lecture delivered by Dr Krahe on the Social Modulation of Pain, held at the Adler Museum.