The past, present and future of 

Neuroscience in southern Africa

Prof Paul Manger 

School of Anatomical Studies, University of the Witwatersrand



The Five Evolutions of Large Brain in Mammals - humans, elephants, cetaceans, seals and camels 

Lenore Manderson


The second in the Brain Matters Seminar series was held at Wits University on Thursday 25 May 2017. Paul Manger, Professor of Neuroscience at the University of the Witwatersrand, spoke on ‘The Five Evolutions of Large Brains in Mammals: Humans, Elephants, Cetaceans, Seals and Camels’.

The summary stated: ‘Humans have large brains, and so do whales, dolphins and elephants. But when do we consider a brain to be ‘large’, and does increased brain size evolve for the same purpose in each of these species? This lecture will explore the definition of large brain size and the multiple independent evolutions of large brains across mammals.’

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